Agronomy is the application of plant and soil sciences to crop production. It incorporates basic sciences, such as biology, chemistry, physics, geology and microbiology, into an applied science which is the foundation for most agriculture.
Plant science is the study of how plants develop, their physiology and reproduction, as well as how they interact with the environment to form complex ecosystems.
Soil science is the study of how soils form, their influence on biology, their effect on environmental chemistry and global ecological changes.
Undergraduate education in agronomy prepares students to effectively serve agriculture, related industries, and society. Students are provided a sound professional and scientific foundation in agriculture; a broad education to enable them to be constructive citizens of the community, state, and nation; and effective advising and extracurricular activities to help develop leadership skills
Research in agronomy identifies the biological, chemical, and physical principles that govern agricultural processes and ecosystems. This knowledge is applied to integrated soil tillage, improved varieties and hybrids, optimum management of nutrients, water, and residue, and pest/weed control into sustainable, efficient production systems that conserve natural resources and protect environmental quality
A concentration in agronomy will open the doors to a wealth of careers: from plant breeding and molecular biology to production agriculture and ornamental plant production; from crop and soil consulting and rangeland management to landscape design and turfgrass management; from research and service positions with seed and agrochemical companies to greenhouse management and careers in international agricultural development.