Major Tranquilizers
Include phenothiazines, indoles, thioxanthenes, butyrophenones, piperazine compounds, and piperidine compounds. Trade names include drugs such as Thorazine, Haldol, Clozaril and Risperdal. These drugs are referred to as Neuroleptics and are most commonly prescribed as anti-psychotics. This type of tranquilizer is not widely abused.

Minor Tranquilizers
Are the more common of the tranquilizers. These include the Benzodiazepines, known by trade names such as Valium, Xanax, Serax, Ativan, Klonopin, Librium and Tranxene. There are also combination drugs such as Librax. These drugs are very commonly prescribed as anti-anxiety drugs, or anxiolytics. They are often referred to as Sedative/Hypnotics. They are central nervous system depressants with specific sites of action. Slang references to these drugs include Libs, Tranks, Benzos, and Vees.

The Benzodiazepines (Minor Tranquilizers) can be addictive even at prescribed dosages if the medication is administered for long periods of time. The withdrawal process can be painful and even life-threatening with some of the Benzodiazepines. Physical withdrawal symptoms can include general pain, stomach cramps, diarrhea, flu-like symptoms, and heart palpitations. There is also the possibility of seizure with certain medications. The withdrawal can also produce psychosis, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and depression.