- Stalking is a crime under the laws of 50 states, District of Columbia, U.S. Territories, and the Federal Government.
- Less than 1/3 of states classify, stalking as a felony upon first offense.
- More than 1/2 of states classify stalking as a felony upon second offense or when the crime involves aggravating factors.
- Aggravating factors include: possession of a deadly weapon, violation of court order/probation/parole, victim under 16 years of age, or same victim as prior occasions.
Study of Stalkers
- 2/3 of stalkers pursue their victims at least once per week, many daily, using more than one method.
- 78% of stalkers use more than one means of approach.
- Weapons are used to harm or threaten victims in 1 out of 5 cases.
- Almost 1/3 of stalkers have stalked before.
- Intimate partner stalkers frequently approach their targets, and their behaviors escalate quickly.
- 6.6 million people are stalked in one year in the US.
- 1 in 6 women and 1 in 19 men have experienced stalking victimization at some point during their lifetime.
- The majority of stalking victims are stalked by someone they know. 66% of female victims and 41% of male victims of stalking are stalked by a current or former intimate partner.
- More then half of female victims and more than 1/3 of male victims indicated they were stalked before the age of 25.
Impact of Stalking on Victims
- 46% of stalking victims fear not knowing what will happen next.
- 29% of stalking victims fear that stalking will never stop.
- 1 in 8 employed stalking victims lose time from work as a result of their victimization and more than half lose 5 days of work or more.
- 1 in 7 stalking victims move as a result of their victimization.
- The anxiety, insomnia, social dysfunction, and sever depression is much higher among stalking victims than the general population.